The human mind is a mysterious place. We are always fascinated by mysteries, and we are curious to get answers about people who commit heinous crimes and what their motives are. There was a person who has committed heinous crimes. A serial-killer, or serial killer, as you like, called Diogo Alves , also known at the time as "O Pancada".

Born in Galicia in 1810, Alves moved to Lisbon in search of work. This was a common practice at the time among the people of Galicia, humble people who traveled south in search of a better life. When none of the jobs Diogo Alves worked on satisfied him, he followed a path of crime. The criminal life was more profitable and satisfied Diogo Alves much more. Here is the story of a man whose blood thirst has ended in an unusual way. Between 1836 and 1839, Diogo Alves committed several heinous crimes.

In order to earn more money than he would earn in a vulgar job, Alves followed the path of crime. In this criminal journey, the Águas Livres Aqueduct was offundamental importance. The aqueduct was built by King D. João V to help supply the need for drinking water in the city of Lisbon. Diogo Alves understood the importance of the Aqueduct and used it for his benefit.

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The Águas Livres Aqueduct was used by farmers who moved in and out of the city, marketing their products.

The Aqueduct of the Free Waters always had many travelers who passed by there every day, the aqueduct was not only used as a conductor of water, it also served as a link for travelers. Most of them were humble farmers whose survival was based solely on the profits they made from selling produce in the city. Alves attacked innocent farmers when they returned after a hard day's work. He waited patiently all day until the evening's coverage arrived. It was in the dead of night that Alves committed his crimes, stealing all the money he could.

When Alves took possession of the belongings of the poor and humble farmers, with all the coldness of the world, Alves pushed the men and women for their deaths. during a space of four years, Alves reaped about 70 innocent souls and lived on the profits of his assaults and the lives he reaped. The families of those poor people who waited for their loved ones in their homes never saw them again.

Police at the time considered the deaths as suicides and suspected no one. At the time, the police were far from suspecting that there was a serial killer responsible for the killings. The deaths were then considered as suicides. Eventually, due to poverty among farmers.

However, in 1839, Alves or "O Pancada" as he was known, ceased to reap lives of humbler people. He moved his "business" from the Aqueduct and focused his attentions on the richest. He found people available to make money with him, then formed gangs and began attacking homes. In 1839 Alves and his accomplices invaded the house of a doctor and murdered all the people inside the house. Shortly after this incident, he was caught and sentenced to death on the gallows, in February 1841, in what was the last death sentence executed in Portugal by hanging.

The idea of preserving his head in formaldehyde , for scientific study, would have been the doctor professor Lourenço da Luz who managed to convince the judicial entities to deliver it to the Office of Phrenology of the Medical-Surgical School of Lisbon, as reported in the book of Milk Bastos. Since Alves' case was so popular at the time, they wanted to determine if there were signs or abnormalities in his skull that would explain why he had committed such heinous crimes. In the 19th century, it was believed that the shape and relief of the skull indicated certain personality traits and a genetic drive for crime.

Today, Diogo's well-kept head remains in a glass vial at the University of Lisbon Medical School. The story of Diogo Alves was inspired by a comic strip written by André Oliveira and illustrated by Xico Santos, entitled "Vil - The tragedy of Diogo Alves" , and a film , still in black and white, in 1911.

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