NASA and the University of Arizona have proposed using the inflatable greenhouse "Lunar / Mars Greenhouse" in an attempt to solve the problem of food supply for astronauts, who will be landing on the Moon, Mars and other planets in the near future.
The development, imitating the climatic and other conditions of our planet, is suitable for the cultivation of various cultures in extraterrestrial space.
According to Dr. Ray Wheeler, lead scientist in Kennedy Advanced Life Support Research, the Prototype Lunar/Mars Greenhouse project will support ongoing research in space to grow vegetables for food and cultivating plants to sustain life support systems.
The model of cylindrical shape will work on a closed principle, pumping water through the root system of plants and collecting condensate.
However, in order for it to work, water will still have to be delivered from the Earth or to find sources of life-giving water already in place - scientists, as is known, have long been puzzled by this problem
All the carbon dioxide exhaled by the participants in the space missions will be collected and sent to the greenhouse. Here plants reprocess it into oxygen, which will return to people. Thus, "Lunar / Mars Greenhouse" will solve several problems at once, fully participating in the existence of a small ecosystem. Protect plants from excessive radiation can be by placing the greenhouses under the ground.
As for photosynthesis, colonists can use for the option of highlighting plants. "We've been successful in using electric LED (light emitting diode) lighting to grow plants," Wheeler said. "We also have tested hybrids using both natural and artificial lighting."