Science fiction stories would be incomplete without the main attributes of the genre - laser weapons, robots and, of course, flying cars. The main difference between these miracle machines is that on the ground they feel as comfortable as they are in the air. Such cars are no different from ordinary cars, except the ability to fly if you press the right button.
The 20th century brought us a lot of innovation, and it is not surprising that there were attempts to create a flying car.Some of them were indeed ingenious inventions, others - only funny fantazorstvom. Below you will find ten magnificent examples of flying cars, created in the early 20th century.
Avtoplan Curtis - the world's first flying car, not counting those that existed in the pages of fiction. In 1917, the aviation engineer Glen Curtis has created its own design of the aircraft and the Ford Model T. The plane on which the design was based, is called a test model of L, triplane (three rows of wings) with the engine of a hundred horsepower (as decent tractor). Two front wheels, as well as in the car, turned using the steering wheel in the cockpit. Move the car on the ground and in the air must have been using a propeller mounted at the rear. Unfortunately, this "air limousine" never flew in all calculations the most that he could - a few short hops. At the beginning of the First World War, this machine altogether abandoned.
2Flying Car Jesse Dixon
This flying car - almost a legend, and in addition to this picture and a brief mention of the vehicle in Andalusia newspaper, Alabama, there is no evidence of its existence. The note stated that the photo was captured Dzhess Dikson, it was made somewhere around 1940. Although the history of aviation enthusiasts consider this car flying car, but it is still close to the "driving the helicopter," because the top two blades rotating in opposite directions.
The car was powered by a small engine to 40 horsepower and foot pedal controlled tail blade that can be rotated in the air. Presumably, the vehicle developed a speed of 100 miles per hour (160 km / hr) and could fly forward, backward, rotate and float. Not bad for a flying car, which, in consequence, no one no longer hears.
3ConvAirCar Model 118
Model 116 "Winged Wheels" took off for the first time in 1946, and looked like a small plane, welded to the car. In essence, it was so. Wings, tail and propeller can be detached from the vehicle, turning it into an ordinary land vehicle. Details of the aircraft in case of off-road there.
At 116 model was the only one prototype, which performed 66 flights. A few years later, Ted Hall designer recreated the car as the model 118, replacing the engine of 130 horsepower more powerful - at 190, it gave the vehicle more opportunities in the air. Convair company planned to start mass production and to start to produce 160 thousand of such cars, but it never came to pass because of the disaster with the prototype in California. When the pilot machine lifted into the air, it is thought that the fuel tank is full. But this machine was two units, showing the fuel level - one for cars, another - for the aircraft, and at the time, both for the tank car was really full, fuel for aircraft directly over the air. This is the danger of multitasking.
When VZ-7 landed forever, the army turned to a completely different prototype: Piasecki VZ-8 AirGeep. It will be appreciated that by this time the helicopters have become popular, but the military forces were interested in something more simple than a helicopter, so that you can reduce the period of study.
AirGeep went through seven different versions before finally was declared unfit for military use, but they kept the basic design: two large vertical propeller at the front and the back, in the middle - the pilot's seat and three or four wheels for ground movement. The very first model was flat, later models have sprung up at the front and the back, resembling the shape of the letter V. The Navy even tried to equip one of the models of floats to use it on the water, but, in the end, this idea was abandoned, and the whole program too.
In 1971, the well-known engineering company California «Advanced Vehicle Engineers» decided to design a flying car that would resemble "Winged Wheels" 1940. They took the Ford Pinto and welded to the roof of a light aircraft Cessna Skymaster. The result was a bizarre hybrid that called AVE Mizar.
Half of the unit, which was a machine, almost no different from an ordinary Ford Pinto, driving through the streets. Engine Ford clocked by aircraft to the desired speed for take-off, then started working propellers. After landing, the brakes have helped to slow down. Unfortunately, in 1973 - just a year before was due to begin mass production of such cars - the right wing of one of the experimental samples came off in the air. The car crashed to the ground, dragging and all its possible future.
6VZ- 7 Curtis Wright
VZ -7 Curtis Wright - is one of the first attempts of the US military forces engaged in manufacture of flying cars. Ideally, the VZ-7 was supposed to be something like a flying jeep. As the SUV, he had to allow the driver to overcome the difficult terrain on earth, but with a little bonus - the ability to fly. It was designed by "Curtis-Wright," which was formed after the merger of the company "Wright" (Bratya Rayt) and "Curtis Airplane" (Glen Curtis). In the early days of aviation and Curtis Bratya Rayt were fierce competitors.
VZ- 7 was designed as a unit with a vertical takeoff and landing. He flew with the help of four vertical propellers, placed behind the cockpit, which, in general, is a completely open space. To make a pilot to maneuver to change the speed of the individual propellers, tilting them forwards, backwards or sideways. However, this whole machine was essentially a death trap, because the propellers were not protected by anything. Barely two years after the launch, in 1960, the army has banned this project.
In 2009 Terrafudzhiya made its first test flight. Since then, he has gone through many renovations and upgrades, poured out a few brand new designs and the second test flight in 2012. In any case, this flying machine offers something very futuristic. It has the shape of an airplane with wings that fold and take the vertical position while the vehicle is on the ground. On the track it can reach the speed of 110 km / h to 185 km / h - in the air.
The only problem faced by the company in the course of construction, is that the car was too heavy to meet the requirements of the FAA (Federal Aviation Agency), due to the safety devices on the road (bumpers, airbags, etc.). In 2010, the FAA has allowed designers to some retreat from rules that changed the classification of the vehicle and facilitate the acquisition of a pilot license. Unfortunately, this car is still worth more than a Lamborghini.
8Flying car PAL-V One
Dutch design PAL-V One is making the necessary style and huge changes in traditional girolotov format. Take at least an engine that automatically switches between the tires and the propeller, depending on whether there is contact with the ground. Especially interesting is that it is designed to fly at an altitude of no more than 1200 meters, that is, you do not have to file the flight plan to use them, and this is a huge obstacle for the flying cars in our time. All this may eventually lead to a "digital corridors" running GPS and invisible trails in the sky that will allow air traffic to be organized as a conventional highway.
AirMule more like an airborne ambulance than a car, but the idea is the same. It was designed by Israeli company "Urban Aeronautics." The main purpose of this machine - help with search and rescue. It can develop the same speed as a conventional helicopter, but it takes less than 2 times the airspace, thus it can penetrate in places inaccessible to the helicopter.
You might say that this machine is similar to Eyrdzhip who tried to create the US military in the 70s. But it has one major difference: it is controlled remotely. AirMule really unmanned, which means either that it will save lives, or - destroyed. In any case, it will not necessarily be controlled autopilot. Urban Aero plans to use the remote pilot and flight controls in real time - a bit like an airplane control in a complicated video game.
Speaking of the present, it is amazing how we are still far from making this flying car. Here's a good example: a heavenly bike "Butterfly", which is slightly different from the flying car of the legendary Jesse Dixon. As the embodiment of '40s, flying motorcycle is an SUV with a rotating propeller and a tail to control the direction of flight.
Flying motorcycle was constructed in 2009 and today it can drive anyone who has a license to drive a motorcycle and a pilot's license. At length it is approximately 2 to 1 meter, allowing it to fit practically any garage. Such girolёty company produces Butterfly Aircraft LLC and sells as a kit for the assembly, which is quite possible to assemble at home. Maybe it's a little something about what most people think, imagining flying car, but they are available to anyone who has an extra $ 40 000.